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Svjetlost is the leading ophthalmology Clinic in the Southeastern Europe, offering complete ophthalmic services.

Eyes and Arterial hypertension

Eyes and Arterial hypertension
Every year on May 17th we celebrate the world day of hypertension (high blood pressure).
Every year on May 17th we celebrate the world day of hypertension (high blood pressure) for the purpose of prevention, detection and treatment of high blood pressure, and thus consequently the prevention of diseases and conditions it causes.
 
High blood pressure is the cause of death in about 20% of cases worldwide. It causes heart and blood vessel diseases, heart attack and stroke, kidney failure and weaker functioning of all organs. It is often called the silent killer and gradually progresses by damaging all organs, and is often discovered by accident when a heart attack or stroke is experienced.
 
Because of importance and frequency of hypertension, the month of May is proclaimed as “the month of measuring blood pressure”. 
 
What is the connection between eyes and high blood pressure and how does it negatively affect the eyes?
 
The most common question being asked is about the connection between high blood pressure and eye pressure. This is understandable because there is an awareness of the great harmfulness of high intraocular pressure (glaucoma disease) to vision today. There is no direct link between high blood pressure and eye pressure. These are two completely "separate" diseases. However, as the high blood pressure damages the blood circulation in the long run, the nutrition of the optic nerve weakens and thus it contributes to eye damage over time.
Poor retinal circulation generally contributes to the progression of degenerative processes in the eye, and poorer heart function because of hypertension is an additional negative factor in the weakening of circulation in the eyes. Infarction and thrombosis in the eye with the consequence of severe visual impairment are not uncommon.
 
Why is it important to examine the eyes in people with high blood pressure?
 
Every treatment of a hypertensive person requires an ophthalmological examination where the blood vessels in the eye are observed during the examination of the fundus. This is the only way to see blood vessels (arteries and veins) directly "live" in someone. According to their appearance and changes in them, the severity and progression of hypertension is graded.
 
Very often, during the ophthalmological examination, the patient is suspected of having hypertension and is sent to an internist for treatment.
 

The importance of the slogan “Find out how high your blood pressure is”.
 
Raising awareness of the importance of measuring and controlling blood pressure. Measurements should be performed at least once a year and more frequent monitoring of patients should be encouraged. In this way, we contribute to improving the health of the population and the quality of life by reducing the risk of heart attack and stroke, as well as other complications of hypertension.
 
The pressure should be lowered below 140/90 mm Hg!
 
A visit to an ophthalmologist once a year contributes to the prevention of hypertension!
To regulate blood pressure well, we need to change bad life habits: stop smoking, reduce alcohol intake and unhealthy foods, reduce salt intake, regulate body weight, increase physical activity, and reduce stress through better planning and discarding unnecessary things that burden us.